Substance Prevention Resources for Schools

 We’d love to collaborate! Contact Healthy Lamoille Valley Youth Substance Prevention Coordinator – brian@healthylamoillevalley.org 

Used one or more of these resources?

Resources For School Administrators & School Health team

This tool includes numerous best practices that can strengthen a school’s policies and procedures for addressing and preventing substance use. Contact brian@healthylamoillevalley.org if your school is interested in using this resource.

MA SBIRT provides trainings and other resources for school staff and administrators on implementing SBIRT in a school setting

Addressing Vapes and Vaping on School Campus

The Vaping Information, Solutions, and Interventions Toolkit (VISIT) was created for adolescent and young adult health professionals by a team of clinicians, educators, and researchers. 

Alternatives to Suspension for students caught using tobacco/vaping on school campus, or anyone working with students who want to quit.

Resources For Educators & Parents

Our regularly updated Google Drive folder with resources for parents/families and educators

SAMHSA’s national substance use prevention campaign helps parents and caregivers start talking with their children early about the dangers of alcohol and other drugs uses. Includes resources for schools & educators

ParentUp provides quick, accurate and easy-to-read information to help parents stay informed while they raise their teen

Your statewide, public resource for finding substance use treatment and recovery services in Vermont

Find the latest science-based information about drug use, health, and the developing brain

Partnership to End Addiction partners with families, professionals and other organizations to end addiction in this country

Truth Initiative is America’s largest nonprofit public health organization committed to making tobacco use and nicotine addiction a thing of the past

A free, confidential, 24/7, 365-day-a-year treatment referral and information service (in English and Spanish) for individuals and families facing mental and/or substance use disorders.

Youth Coaches Workbook – Building Protective Factors

The Lamoille Area Coaching Collaborative, a workgroup of Healthy Lamoille Valley, created a guide for all youth sports volunteer coaches that focuses on coaches building protective factors in support of positive youth development.

We recognize the unique relationships that coaches have with their players and therefore, offer this workbook to leagues, clubs and the greater community. Please share and review this workbook each season with all of your coaches. The content of this handbook is also available as a training. We welcome your feedback, as well.

For more information and  to receive a printed copy, please contact us at:

info@healthylamoillevalley.org

 

Resources for Youth

Healthy Lamoille Valley’s comprehensive hub of resources for youth and their peers

Click here or on the image below to access the Youth Resources webpage

Click Here to Find This and Other Flyers and Resources for Students in a Google Drive Folder

Local Resources and Partners

United Way of Lamoille County resources

 

A host of services to families and children from birth to age twenty-four throughout the Lamoille Valley

Healthy Lamoille Valley’s list of local resources

State of Vermont Resources

Lamoille Restorative Center has multiple programs that prevent delinquency and help young people transi­tion successfully to adulthood. Case managers work with individuals and in groups to assist youth with job coaching, housing support, and important life skills. Chil­dren (and their families) struggling with truancy are also provided case manage­ment support to overcome barriers to school attendance.

North Central Vermont Recovery Center is a safe, welcoming, substance-free environment for individuals and families on their paths to lasting recovery from alcohol and drug addiction.

Lamoille County Mental Health Services Services for children and adolescents from birth through 22 years old who are experiencing mental health crisis. supportive counseling and service planning and coordination for parents. Individual, family, and group therapy services.

Lamoille Behavioral Health and Wellness Services include, but are not limited to treating anxiety, phobias, depressive disorders, ADHD, marital and family issues, stress caused illness, substance abuse, PTSD, and grief. They service the public, schools and businesses by offering a wide variety of workshops, groups and management, adolescent substance abuse and more.

Coalition Involvement Opportunities

Lamoille Area Youth Coalition

Lamoille Area Youth Coalition (LAYC) empowers and educates youth to make a positive change for the well-being of our community.  Open to any youth in 6th-12th grade who live in Lamoille County or the Greater Hardwick Area (Hardwick, Craftsbury, Greensboro, Stannard, and Woodbury).  Email Brian at brian@healthylamoillevalley.org or visit the LAYC website for more information.

Tobacco Prevention Taskforce

Join Healthy Lamoille Valley’s Tobacco Taskforce and work together to address underage tobacco and vaping in your community! Email Alison at alison@healthylamoillevalley.org for more information.

Lamoille Valley Coaching Collaborative

The Lamoille Valley Coaching Collaborative is a network of people dedicated to improving our community through youth sports and building protective factors for our youth to prevent substance misuse.  All youth sports leaders and coaches (veteran and new!) are invited to join. Email Alison at alison@healthylamoillevalley.org for more information.

Parent/Caregiver Workgroup

We are changing it up! We recognize that parents/caregivers are busy and we’d like to try a new workgroup format. Beginning in January we will create an online community open to all parents, foster parents and kinship caregivers. Email Jessica at jessica@healthylamoillevalley.org for more information

 Comprehensive Substance Prevention Education

Substance use among youth is influenced at the individual, peer, family, school, community, and societal levels. School communities increase the likelihood of positive outcomes when multiple levels of influence are addressed using evidence-based prevention programs and practices. To promote a safe and healthy school environment, substance abuse prevention and early intervention work best when they are robust and integrated into the school’s whole approach (e.g., Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child Model).

Risk and Protective Factors and School-Based Protective Factors

Recommendations for school-based substance abuse prevention include the following elements:

Safe and Healthy School Environment

  • Create an environment that helps students explore their talents and follow their passions, whether academic, musical, sports, or social or community causes.
  • Help ensure that school colleagues, families and communities support and reward an adolescent’s decision not misuse substances.
  • Provide students opportunities for validation and belonging.
  • Provide and promote multiple venues where adolescents can get together with their friends.
  • Increase positive outcomes for adolescents by being a mentor, a valued teacher, or other caring adult.

 

Health and Early Intervention Services

  • Work with the community to ensure that the necessary infrastructure is in place so students in need of services and treatment can be referred to appropriate personnel or health care providers.
  • Ensure that school nurses are trained to recognize substance-related problems, to intervene  appropriately when problems are found, and to be familiar with the referral network.
  • Identify and refer students using  substances for appropriate interventions.
  • Recognize that children who mature earlier or later than the majority of their peers may be at increased risk.
  • Recognize that significant social transitions may increase the likelihood of substance misuse

  School Policy

  • Establish and enforce consistent policies against substance use on school property and at school events.
  • Included in these policies are recommended procedures for education; referral for treatment, counseling and rehabilitation; and standards consistent with restorative practices, due process of law for discipline, suspension or dismissal of students.

 

 Parent Outreach and Community Engagement

  •  Engage parents and provide information on the school’s programs, substance misuse policy, family education resources, health services, and referral system
  • Provide information to parents on the consequences of underage substance misuse and local sources for more information
  • Partner with your local substance prevention coalition (Healthy Lamoille Valley!)

 Classroom-based Health Education

  • Focus on skill development for preventing the use of harmful substances. 
  • Provide students with the developmentally appropriate knowledge, skills, and motivation to resist peer and other pressures to use substances

The Roles of Each School Staff Member

          School Administrator

  • Be an advocate for your school’s needs
  • Provide ongoing education to faculty and staff
  • Embrace prevention education and model this for your teachers and staff. Your passion will help set the tone for the school
  • Educate and provide resources to parents
  • Promote a substance-free workplace
  • Enforce strong policies
  • Take professional development courses on prevention
  • Establish a relationship with local prevention coalition
  • See this guide for more details

           Support Staff

  • Recognize the signs of substance misuse
  • Understand adolescent development
  • Talk with students
  • Be a caring adult
  • Positive role modeling – try to be conscious of the language they use or the stories they tell in front of students so as not to unintentionally send the wrong message

      Health Education and                  Classroom Teacher

  • Be an advocate for your students’ needs. If they are in need of social/emotional skills, for example, request programming that supports it.
  • Educate and provide resources to parents
  • Positive role modeling (see support staff)
  • Implement prevention programming with fidelity
    that fits the culture and needs of the school
  • Know the signs of mental illness and substance-use and where to
    report them. Don’t be afraid to have hard conversations

      School Nurse,       Counselor or SAP

  • Be an advocate for your students’ needs.
  • Educate yourself on substances, new products and trends of substance misuse
  • Educate youth on the risks of substances
  • Establish youth tobacco cessation programming in school
  • Help youth quit
  • See this guide for more details

Calendar of Events

National events related to substance awareness/prevention and mental health

Classroom Activities

FREE Lesson Plans & Activities for Educators of All subjects

∙ National Institute on Drug AbuseLesson plans, searchable for different topics 

Natural High We engage influencers, educators, and peer groups to help young people discover those core activities in their lives that uplift, inspire, and motivate them — to find their ‘Natural High’ rather than use alcohol or drugs.

Stanford Tobacco Prevention Toolkit – Vape and Tobacco Prevention Activities by School Subject

TimeWise: Taking Charge of Leisure Grades 6-9. Includes activities for teachers of all subjects. TimeWise helps prevent substance use by reducing risks and boredom associated with unstructured free time. Contact Alison at Alison@healthylamoillevalley.org for more information.

Substance Prevention Curricula

Selecting Best-fit Programs and Practices

Most of this information is from the Vermont Agency of Education document, Substance Use Prevention Education

Anything with an asterisk (*) has been added by Healthy Lamoille Valley

 Universal Programs 

Below are some universal programs: these are intended for any student and cover the full  gamut of substance use information along with (usually) a great deal of social-emotional skills  and other health information and skills which are related to and help with prevention of  substance use. They typically cover a wide range of grades.  Most are paid programs.

  Ask, Listen, Learn*— FREE digital underage drinking prevention program for kids ages 9-13 (grades 4-7) and their parents and educators

Botvin Life Skills — K-12—consistently recognized as “model”/ “top tier” 

LST Galaxia* — an engaging and interactive educational game designed to prevent bullying, cyberbullying, substance use, and violence among middle school youth

Project Towards No Drug Abuse ages 14-19; Project Towards No Tobacco–Grades 5-9

Good Behavior Game — elementary grades 

PROSPER multi-age/school and family—combines Life Skills, Strengthening Families  and Lions Quest. UVM Extension can help you implement this. 

Too Good for Drugs (deemed promising/potentially effective)—K-12

Heads Up (Scholastic)*— Resources for students. Real news about drugs and your body 

CHOICE* — voluntary, five-session group MI (motivational interviewing) program developed for middle school youth that takes place after school

Free Talk* a six-session group MI intervention developed for at-risk youth with a first-time alcohol or drug offense

Prevention Plus Wellness Programs* — Single session evidence-based substance use prevention programs

Eventi High School Prevention Curriculum* — Designed to engage students and empower them to better understand the complexities of current culture, commercial drug products and addiction

Below are a few programs that you may find useful which are geared more toward social emotional learning and may have a family component or may be implemented outside of school time.  

 TimeWise* — Grades 6-9. TimeWise helps prevent substance use by reducing risks and boredom associated with unstructured free time. Contact Alison at Alison@healthylamoillevalley.org for more information.

Positive Action — School-wide social-emotional learning, all ages 

Guiding Good Choices — Contact ctr4ctc@uw.edu to purchase 

Raising Healthy Children — all grades; social-emotional skills  

Coping Power late elementary/middle school—social-emotional learning Second Step—Pre-K-8; social-emotional learning  

The Incredible Years  

Al’s Pals* — a comprehensive social–emotional learning curriculum designed for the specific needs of preschool children 

FREE Substance Specific Programs

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS)/ “vaping”/JUUL:  

CATCH My Breath (Grades 5-12 – Four 30 – 40 minutes lessons) The program provides up-to-date information to teachers, parents, and health professionals to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to make informed decisions about the use of e-cigarettes, including JUUL devices. CATCH My Breath utilizes a peer-led teaching approach and
meets National and State Health Education Standards

You and Me, Together Vape-Free* (Grades 5-12 – Six lessons, including one lesson on cannabis) This curriculum, which is a part of the Stanford Tobacco Prevention Toolkit,  provides activities, online quiz games, and worksheets in addition to presentations, resources, and other materials aimed at addressing key factors associated with youth e-cigarette use, including changing adolescents’ attitudes towards and misperceptions about e-cigarettes; increasing their refusal skills to pulls of flavors, marketing, and social media; reducing stress and depression which have been linked to e-cigarette initiation and use; improving coping; and decreasing intentions and actual use of all e-cigarette products.

Everfi – Vaping: Know the Truth* (Grades 8-12 – Four 5-10 minute modules) — In addition to encouraging students to live vape-free lives, this self-led interactive-curriculum offers resources to help young people who are currently using e-cigarettes to quit through Truth’s first-of-its-kind text message youth quit vaping program called This is Quitting

Scholastic “The Real Cost of Vaping” (Grades 6-12) – Use these resources to start an honest conversation with your class and help to change social norms at your school.

Scholastic Activity: “The Facts About Vaping” (Grades 9-12 – 45 minutes) – Help your students avoid addiction with a research project about the dangers of e-cigarettes

Vermont Department of Health Electronic Vapor Product (EVP) Toolkit

Tobacco/Nicotine/Vaping

Stanford Tobacco Toolkit 

Marijuana/Cannabis 

Stanford Medicine Cannabis/Marijuana Awareness & Prevention Toolkit*

Ask, Listen, Learn – For grades 4-8, also includes lessons on Alcohol

Edventi – High School. Also includes curriculum on tobacco, alcohol, addiction, and opioids

Prescription Drug Safety 

OperationPrevention.com 

Dose of Knowledge – A Pharmacists Teach Program*

Other Places to Find Evidence-Based Curricula

Finding Evidence-based Programs and Practices*

SAMHSA Evidence-Based Practices Resource Center*

Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development*

YOUTH PREVENTION EDUCATION MODEL PROGRAM TIP SHEETS*

Evidence-Based Behavioral Practice (EBBP)*

– Check out Healthy Lamoille Valley’s Google Drive Folder with Additional Resources –

Please contact Beth Keister at beth.keister@vermont.gov if you need support identifying or  evaluating materials or if you just want to share information. Feedback and comments on the  content and implementation of these programs is welcomed so that this information can be  shared with others to save them time and to improve their experiences. 

For more information on the process of determining levels of evidence, see these infographics for definitions of “evidence-based” per the Every Student Succeeds Act guidelines.

Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT)

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Click on the picture for more information

The Health Education Curriculum Analysis Tool (HECAT) is an assessment tool to help school districts, schools, educators, and others conduct a clear, complete, and consistent analysis of health education curricula based on the National Health Education Standards and CDC’s Characteristics of an Effective Health Education Curriculum.

Alternatives-to-Suspension

For students caught vaping or using other substances on school campus

Stanford Medicine

MY Healthy Futures

This course is for any student caught using tobacco/vaping on school campus, or anyone working with students who want to quit. This new online, self-paced course can be completed independently by students in 40-60 minutes. There are also 2-hour and 4-hour options.

 

This program is designed to replace punitive discipline for cannabis related infractions and instead introduce the student to new information, resource, and a supportive adult in hopes of creating healthy behavioral change. 

Gobi Intervention Program

The Gobi Intervention program guides parents and teens through a journey of care and understanding, proven to be effective in curbing or stopping the use of substances in a majority of teens.

American Lung Association

INDEPTH

INDEPTH is taught by any trained adult in four, 50-minutes sessions. Each session addresses a different tobacco-related issue and can be facilitated either one-on-one or in a group setting. 

Substance Prevention and Substance Addiction Awareness Booklist

In the Air by Sarah Johnson & Russ Cox-

A graphic medicine built to foster conversations with and among young people around vaping, choices about substance use, and social factors. This graphic novel-styled story of five teens going through high school incorporates behavioral science of substance misuse prevention with the stories, interest, and ideas of members of the Tobacco Free Rhode Island Youth Ambassadors. The novel has questions to help guide the discussion, a strong research base, and roots in risk and protective factors.

We can provide free hard copies of In The Air. email brian@healthylamoillevalley.org if you are interested

Hey, Kiddo by Jarrett J. Krosoczka  

Hey, Kiddo is a profoundly important memoir about growing up in a family grappling with addiction, and finding the art that helps you survive.

8 Young Adult Reads to Spark Authentic Discussions About Drugs & Alcohol

The following titles are young adult books that middle and high school teachers can use as a basis for strong, authentic classroom conversations about drugs and alcohol. These are stories about realistic, complex characters who are facing risks, tough decisions and the influence of their peers—stories that will spark discussions about the development and vulnerability of the teen brain and subsequent risk-taking behavior, the influence an environment can have on the choices a person makes, and more. Don’t have room in your curriculum for new books? Try choosing one to read with your advisory group or home room or with an after-school reading group.

Common Sense Media – Books for Kids and Teens About Alcohol and Drug Abuse

Kids who live with — or have been separated from — alcoholic or drug-addicted adults have lots to deal with in addition to all the other hard stuff that comes with growing up. Feelings of loss, grief, anger, isolation, and shame crowd in on school experiences, relationships, and even their sense of self. Reading about characters who are dealing with loved ones’ abuse of alcohol, opioids, or other substances — or about teens who are struggling with addiction — can help kids deal with complex family dynamics and keep hope alive

20 Books to Explain Addiction to Children

When a child grows up in a home where a parent or other loved one has a substance use disorder, they often feel confused and frightened. Their home life may be chaotic and unpredictable. They may hear arguing, crying, or yelling and have no understanding of why it is happening. Some children draw the conclusion that they are the cause of the problems. Others become withdrawn, act out, or become aggressive. These 20 children’s books about addiction can help parents explain substance use disorders in an age-appropriate way.

 Opportunities for Students

 

 Create a Substance Prevention Committee at your school or in your school district that includes a diverse group of students. Making sure any endeavors your school undertakes is youth-driven and/or youth-informed.

GETTING TO ‘Y’- is an opportunity for students to bring meaning to their own Youth Risk Behavior Survey data. Through youth leadership, partnerships with adults, participatory action research, and peer and community engagement, participants not only experience personal growth and build their capacity for future civic engagement, but also effect sustainable change in youth behavior, community and school culture.

Our Voices Xposed / Vermont Kids Against Tobacco (OVX/VKAT) – The OVX (high school) and VKAT (middle school) groups engage and empower youth ages 10 to 18. Through youth leadership opportunities, they educate students, community members, and decision makers on the tactics used by the tobacco industry, encourage healthy choices among peers, and work to reduce tobacco use and change social norms. OVX and VKAT also work with the Vermont Department of Health on media and counter-tobacco marketing campaigns.  Contact Brian – brian@healthylamoillevalley.org – if you are interest in starting a group at your school.

Lamoille Area Youth Coalition –  An opportunity for 6th-12th grade students in the Lamoille Valley region (all of Lamoille County, plus the Greater Hardwick Area (Hardwick, Craftsbury, Greensboro, Stannard, and Woodbury) to engage in projects aimed at reducing youth substance misuse and promoting healthy choices. Email youth@healthylamoillevalley.org for more info or check out their website here!

Substance Refusal Skills Workshop for Middle Schoolers (Ideal for 5th/6th graders) Middle schoolers are in a pivotal transition and are beginning to enter a phase in their lives where they may be offered substances. In this workshop, students will learn the statistics related to local youth substance misuse, identify motivations for substance use and alternative choices, reflect on reasons to be substance-free, and practice refusal skills for scenarios where they may be offered substances. This workshop can be delivered by Brian, Healthy Lamoille Valley’s Youth Substance Prevention Coordinator, or can be implemented by an school educator. Contact Brian (brian@healthylamoillevalley.org) for more details. 

Other Opportunities – The Healthy Lamoille Valley team is happy to brainstorm other ways to include prevention in third space student interactions such as afterschool clubs, theater, music, arts, sports, etc. 

Substance Prevention Action Plan Template for Schools and Educators

Click here for PDF Action Plan Template

Click here for Google Doc Action Plan Template

Make sure that your action plan is:

Youth-informed and/or youth-driven

Collaborative with the school community and community at large

Equitable – Inclusive of all populations 

Evidence-based

Integrated into the school’s whole approach

Sustainable